4 edition of **Measurement of Frequency and Time Interval** found in the catalog.

Measurement of Frequency and Time Interval

National Physical Laboratory

- 269 Want to read
- 6 Currently reading

Published
**December 1973**
by Stationery Office Books
.

Written in English

- Atomic clocks,
- Frequencies of oscillating systems,
- Measurement

The Physical Object | |
---|---|

Format | Paperback |

ID Numbers | |

Open Library | OL9276954M |

ISBN 10 | 0114800332 |

ISBN 10 | 9780114800338 |

The frequency distribution is the basic building block of statistical analytical methods and the first step in analyzing survey data. It helps researchers (a) organize and summarize the survey data in a tabular [Page ] format, (b) interpret the data, and (c) detect outliers (extreme values) in the survey data set. An interval scale is one where there is order and the difference between two values is meaningful. Examples of interval variables include: temperature (Farenheit), temperature (Celcius), pH, SAT score (), credit score (). Ratio. A ratio variable, has all the properties of an interval variable, and also has a clear definition of

the 2-sample variance as the preferred measure. An early concern was related to time and frequency measurement instruments which had a dead time between measurements. Such a series of measurements did not form a continuous observation of the signal and thus introduced a systematic bias into the measurement. An index of the agreement between observers for data obtained by interval recording or time sampling measurement; calculated for a given session or measurement period by comparing the two observer's recordings of the occurrence or nonoccurrence of the behavior in each observation interval and dividing the number of intervals of agreement by the total number of intervals and multiplying by

a measurement method in which the presence or absence of behaviors are recorded at precisely specified time intervals partial-interval recording A time sampling method for measuring behavior in which the observation period is divided into a series of brief time intervals . 19 MEASUREMENT UNCERTAINTY Overview This chapter discusses the evaluation and reporting of measurement uncertainty. Laboratory measurements always involve uncertainty, which must be considered when analytical results are used as part of a basis for making decisions. 1. Every measured result reported by a laboratory.

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Time interval and frequency. Time and Frequency Measurement Time and frequency measurements follow the conventions used in other areas of metrology.

The fre-quency standa rd or clock being mea sured is called the device under test (DUT). A measurement compares the File Size: KB. The measurement of frequency and time interval (Book, ) [] Get this from a library.

The measurement of frequency and time interval. Rex Chappell INTRODUCTION For measurements of frequency, time interval, phase, event counting, and many other related signal parameters, the ideal instrument to use is an electronic counter or its cousin, the frequency and time-interval analyzer.

Learn more about Chapter INSTRUMENTS FOR MEASURING FREQUENCY AND TIME on GlobalSpec. adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86ACited by: 2.

Measurement of Frequency and Time Interval; Measurement of Frequency and Time Interval. National Physical Laboratory. £ in_stock. Quantity: Checkout. Item has been added to your bag. Stationery Office Books: Pages: Delivery. Delivery Policy. UK Delivery Rates.

Delivery Option Delivery Time Cost Additional Item; Standard Delivery. A frequency is the number of times a value of the data occurs. According to Tablethere are three students who work two hours, five students who work three hours, and so sum of the values in the frequency column, 20, represents the total number of students included in the sample.

A relative frequency is the ratio (fraction or proportion) of the number of times a value of the data. In this sample, there are five players whose heights fall within the interval – inches, three players whose heights fall within the interval – inches, 15 p.

Calculating IRT is a good way to determine an appropriate interval length for DRO schedules. It will let you know how long the client goes on average WITHOUT engaging in a certain problem behavior.

Visit the following link for a powerpoint presentation comparing frequency, interval, and time-sampling methods of data collection. • Identify the scale of measurement of a variable (nominal, ordinal, or interval/ratio) • Determine if a variable is discrete or continuous • Create and interpret frequency distribution tables, bar graphs, histograms, and line graphs • Explain when to use a bar graph, histogram, and line graph.

Only time domain equipment can measure all of the jitter frequency components. It has the virtue of being able to directly measure peak-to-peak, cycle-to-cycle, period and TIE jitter. This measurement approach permits the measurement of jitter of very low frequency clock (or carrier) signals.

Time Interval is an important measurement frequently made with electronic counters. In this role, the counter makes an elapsed time measurement between two electrical pulses, Figure 1, just as a stop-watch is used to time physical events. Time Interval Measurement Using an Electronic Counter Figure 1.

In a time interval measurement, clock. Introduction to the book The use of atomic properties for time measurement was born in when the ﬁrst caesium beam frequency standard began regular operation in the United Kingdom.

Of course, other types of atomic frequency standard had already been attempted. Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.

It is also referred to as temporal frequency, which emphasizes the contrast to spatial frequency and angular ncy is measured in units of hertz (Hz) which is equal to one occurrence of a repeating event per second. The period is the duration of time of one cycle in a repeating event, so the period is.

A frequency is the number of times a value of the data occurs. According to, there are three students who work two hours, five students who work three hours, and so sum of the values in the frequency column, 20, represents the total number of students included in the sample.

A relative frequency is the ratio (fraction or proportion) of the number of times a value of the data occurs in. In this sample, there are five players whose heights fall within the interval – inches, three players whose heights fall within the interval – inches, 15 players whose heights fall within the interval – inches, 40 players whose heights fall within the interval – inches, 17 players whose heights fall within the interval – inches, Temporal measurement.

Generally speaking, methods of temporal measurement, or chronometry, take two distinct forms: the calendar, a mathematical tool for organising intervals of time, and the clock, a physical mechanism that counts the passage of day-to-day life, the clock is consulted for periods less than a day whereas the calendar is consulted for periods longer than a day.

Two such methods are frequency recording and interval recording. Frequency (or event) recording is a way to measure the number of times a behavior occurs within a given period. Frequency recording is best for behaviors with a distinct beginning and end. To conduct an event or frequency tally: 1.

Note the time the observation begins. The last and most sophisticated level of measurement is the ratio level. As with the ordinal and interval levels, the data have an inherent order. And, like the interval level, we can measure the intervals between the ranks with a measurable scale of values.

But, unlike the interval level, we now have meaningful zero. Time Sampling: Refers to a variety of methods to record behavior at specific moments. One divides the observation period into intervals and then record either the presence or absence of a behavior within or at the end of the interval.

Partial Interval Recording: Record whether the behavior happened at any time during the interval. Tends to underestimate high-frequency behavior and [ ]. The interval scale is the third level of measurement and encompasses both nominal and ordinal scales.

This scale can also be referred to as an interval variable scale (interval variable is used to describe the meaningful nature of the difference between values).

Examples of this would be time, temperature (Celsius, Fahrenheit), credit score. The QRS interval (or QRS duration), which is normally sec or less, when measured in any given lead by eye.

By electronic (computer) measurement, the upper limit of QRS duration is slightly longer at about sec. 4. The QT interval, which normally varies inversely with heart rate, becoming shorter as the heart rate increases, and vice versa. Momentary time sampling: a measurement method in which the presence of absence of behaviors are recorded at precisely specified time intervals (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, ).

A .For example, if three students in Mr. Ahab's English class of 40 students received from 90% to %, then, f = 3, n = 40, and RF = f n f n = 3 40 3 40 = % of the students received 90–%. 90–% are quantitative measures. To construct a histogram, first decide how many bars or intervals, also called classes, represent the histograms consist of five to 15 bars or.